Definitive stamps.
Map of Jaluit Atoll.
Fouth stamp in a set of 10, issued on 12.06.1984.
Face value: 10 cents of United States dollar.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Size: 20 x 23 mm.

- Michel No. 8A.
- Scott No. 38.
- StampWorld No. 8.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 8.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 48.

Jaluit Atoll (Marshallese: Jālwōj or Jālooj) is a large coral atoll of 91 islands in the Pacific Ocean and forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands. Its total land area is 11.34 km2 (4.38 sq mi), and it encloses a lagoon with an area of 690 km2 (270 sq mi). Most of the land area is on the largest islet of Jaluit (10.4 km²). Jaluit Atoll is a designated conservation area and Ramsar Wetland. In 2011 the population of the islands of Jaluit Atoll was 1,788. It was the former administrative seat of the Marshall Islands. In 1884, the German Empire claimed Jaluit Atoll, along with the rest of the Marshall Islands, and the Germans established a trading outpost. Jaluit became a German protectorate on September 13, 1886 and had several imperial commissars (Kaiserliche Kommissare). After World War I, the island became a part of the South Seas Mandate, a mandated territory of the Empire of Japan, and was the seat of the Japanese administration over the Marshall Islands. Immigrants from Japan numbered several hundred by the 1930s. During World War II the island was bombed on at least five occasions in November and December 1943 by B-24 Liberator bombers of the USAAF 7th Air Force. Following World War II, Jaluit came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.




Explorers and ships.
James Ross and HMS Erebus.
First stamp in a set of 13, issued on 22.09.1986.
Face value: 1 Saint Helena penny.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Size: 45 x 28 mm.

- Michel No. 452.
- Scott No. 462.
- StampWorld No. 460.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 488.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 449.

James Clark Ross (15 April 1800 – 3 April 1862) was a British Royal Navy officer and polar explorer known for his explorations of the Arctic and, in particular, for his own Antarctic expedition from 1839 to 1843. On April 8, 1839, Ross was given orders to command an expedition to Antarctica for the purposes of “magnetic research and geographical discovery”. Between September 1839 and September 1843, it commanded HMS Erebus on his own Antarctic expedition and charted much of the continent's coastline. En route to the Southern Ocean, Ross established magnetic measurement stations in St. Helena, Cape Town, and Kerguelen before arriving in Hobart in early 1840. The spedition crossed the Antarctic Circle on January 1, 1841. The expedition's main aim was to find the position of the South Magnetic Pole. While Ross failed to reach the pole, he was able to determine its location. Ross's ships arrived back in England on September 4, 1843.




Bridges and Viaducts.
Viaduct Modruš 1.
First stamp of two issued in souvenir sheet on 29.04.2015.
Face value: 7.60 Croatian kuna.
Design: Dean Roksandić.
Photo: Mario Romulić.
Printing: Ofset lithography.
Print: 30,000 copies.

- AFA No. A1299.
- Croatian Post No. BL57.
- Michel No. BL58.
- Scott No. 952.
- StampWorld No. 1167.
- Stanley Gibbons No. MS1249.

The viaduct Modruš 1 is the first and longest in the row of three viaducts of the same name on the Ogulin-Brinje road section of the highway A1 Zagreb-Split-Dubrovnik. It is located near the settlement and the ruins of the old town of Modruš and crosses a deep valley at a height of 50 m (164 ft). Its total length is 516 m (1,693 ft) and its width is 31.5 m (103.35 ft). The viaduct consists of 13 sections, and its project was carried out by IGH-Institute for Concrete and Masonry Structures; its designers were Gordana Trogrlić-Uzelac, Stjepan Kralj and Petar Sésar. It was opened to traffic in 2005 on the occasion of the inauguration of the A1 Zagreb-Split motorway.

Thanks to Dragan Buškulić for his contribution (https://worldofstamp2.wordpress.com/).




Mount Arashi from Haneji Sea.
Stamp issued on 30.08.1971.
Face value: 3 cents of United States dollar.
Printing: Offset Photogravure.

- Michel No. 246.
- Scott No. 218.
- StampWorld No. 253.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 256.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 210.

Mount Arashi (Arashiyama, 嵐山) is located in Motubu Peninsula, northwest of Okinawa Island, next to the so-called Haneji Inland Sea, an inlet of the China Sea. In the foreground of the stamp is the small Yagaji Island, which can be accessed by walking from the shore at low tide. At the top of the mountain there is an observation deck from which there are interesting panoramic views.




Shaki Waterfall.
Second stamp in a set of 5, issued on 24.05.1993.
Face value: 0.80 Armenian rubles.
Design: Haroutiun Samuelian (b. 1947).
Printed by House of Questa.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 100,000 copies.
Size: 32 x 63.5 mm.

- Michel No. 216.
- Scott No. 453.
- StampWorld No. 242.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 269.
- Unificato No. 193.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 190.

Shaki Waterfall (Armenian: Շաքիի ջրվեժ) is located in Zangezur Mountains, in Syunik Province, south of the country. It is formed by the Vorotan River, and has a height of 18 m (59 ft). The waterfall is in a protected area, and creates a deep gorge with caves and rocky niches on its slopes. There are remains of Paleolithic settlements in the vicinity. In the 1990s, a small hydroelectric power station was built nearby, to which part of the water that fed the waterfall was diverted; in 2017, the Armenian government decided that, at least during the tourist season, the water would flow completely through the waterfall for most of the day.




Momotombo Volcano and Xolotlán Lake.
Airmail. Third stamp in a set of 8, issued on 27.02.1979.
Face value: 90 Nicaraguan centavos.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Size: 47 x 29 mm.

- Michel No. 2067.
- Scott No. C956.
- StampWorld No. 2122.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 2195.
- Yvert et Tellier No. PA920.

Momotombo is a stratovolcano on the shores of Xolotlán Lake. The mountain, very symmetrical, has a height of 1,297 m (4,255 ft) and its shape is a symbol of Nicaragua. An eruption in 1610 forced inhabitants of the Spanish city of León to relocate about 48 km (30 mi) west; the ruins of this city are preserved at León Viejo (Old León). There is news that previously, in 1522, it had already erupted. It also erupted in 1764, 1870, 1886, 1905, and most recently November 30, 2015. It is a relatively young volcano, about 4,500 years old. The steam from the volcano is used to generate electricity through the an geothermal plant facilities.




Year of Tourism in the Americas.
Iguazu Falls.
Stamp issued on 16.12.1972.
Face value: 45 Argentine centavos.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 1,000,000 copies.
Size: 66 x 30 mm.

- Cefiloza No. 1132.
- Götig & Jalil No. 1602.
- Michel No. 1135.
- Scott No. 985.
- StampWorld No. 1159.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1410.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 935.

Iguazu Falls (in Spanish, Cataratas del Iguazú; in Guarani, Chororõ Yguasu; in Portuguese, Cataratas do Iguaçu), formed by the Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná, are the largest in the world. Most of the falls (80%) are on the Argentine side, and at its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River serves as the border between Argentina and Brazil. The falls have different heights; the largest is 82 m (269 ft). Its average flow is 1,756 m3 per second (62,010 ft3/s). The first European to register the existence of the falls was the Spanish Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1542, who called them “Saltos de Santa María”; However, the first to spot them had been Aleixo García, a castaway from the expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís, in 1524, when he crossed that region in search of the Sierra de la Plata. In 1934 the Argentine government established the Iguazú National Park, which was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984.




Mountain Lakes.
Lake Moesola (Laghetto Moesola).
First stamp in a set of 2, issued on 16.12.1991.
Face value: 50 Swiss centimes of franc.
Hermann Schelbert (1927-2003).
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 84,154,000 copies.
Size: 25 x 30 mm.

- AFA No. 1441.
- Michel No. 1459.
- Scott No. 904.
- StampWorld No. 1453.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1236.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1387.
- Zumstein No. 819.

Lake Moesola (Italian: Laghetto Moesola) is located in the Lepontine Alps, at 2,063 m (6,768 ft), at the top of the San Bernardino Pass, in the municipality of Mesocco, canton of Grisons, near Italian border. Its length is 315 m (1,033 ft) and its width is 150 m (492 ft). Its depth varies between 5 and 10 m (16 and 33 ft). It is fed by the Moesa River and by various streams. In the lake there is a large island, in the shape of a fish, and two smaller islands. On the stamp you can see, in the background, the Piz Uccello.




Estonian lighthouses.
Lighthouse of Mohni Island.
Stamp issued on 24.01.2001.
Face value: 4.40 Estonian kroon.
Design: Roman Matkiewicz (b. Tallinn, 27.02.1966).
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 388,400 copies.

- AFA No. 420.
- Michel No. 391.
- Scott No. 408.
- StampWorld No. 424.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 386.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 377.

Mohni is a 61.5-hectare island in the Gulf of Finland, 4.5 km (2.80 mi) off the northern coast of Estonia, on the northeastern side of the Eru Bay. It is 2.3 km (1.43 mi) long and 250 m (820 ft) wide; it is elongated in a northwest-southeast direction. The perimeter of the coastline is about 7.48 km (4.65 mi). It belongs to Kuusalu Parish in Harju County and is located in Lahemaa National Park. The first, wooden lighthouse on the island was built in 1806, and the brick lighthouse was completed in 1852 and rebuilt in 1871. The island, currently uninhabited, was inhabited until 2017.



MOROCCO / المغرب - ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ

Tourism. Landscapes and Monuments.
Estuary of the Bou Regreg.
Airmail. Second stamp in a set of 3, issued on 10.08.1955.
Face value: 200 Moroccan francs.
Design: Acelpy.
Engraving: Pierre Munier (1889-1962). 
Printing: Recess.

- Michel No. 406a.
- Scott No. C54.
- StampWorld No. 412.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 466.
- Yvert et Tellier No. PA101.

The Bou Regreg (Arabic: أبو رقراق) is a river located in western Morocco which discharges to the Atlantic Ocean. It is 240 km (150 mi) long, with a tidal estuary, termed Wadi Sala, of approximately 24 km (15 mi) extending upriver. The source of the river originates from the Middle Atlas mountains at an altitude of 1,627 m (5,338 ft) on the level of Jbel Mtourzgane (Province of Khemisset) and of Grou (Province of Khénifra) and descends to its mouth separating the cities of Rabat to the south and Salé to the north. The Phoenicians and the Carthaginians, who founded several colonies in Morocco, inhabited the banks of the Bou Regreg approximately two kilometers from its mouth at the ancient site of Chellah.




Danish Tourist Association.
Bornholm Island.
Last stamp in a set of 5, issued on 18.06.1981.
Face value: 230 Danish øre.
Design: Alan Havsteen-Mikkelsen (1938-2002) and Sven Havsteen-Mikkelsen (1912-1999).
Engraving: Czesław Słania (1921-2005).
Printing: Recess.
Print: 8,575,000 copies.
Size: 31 x 24 mm.

- AFA No. 734.
- Michel No. 737.
- Scott No. 686.
- StampWorld No. 740.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 708.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 739.

Bornholm (Bornholmsk: Borrinjholm) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of Poland. Occupying an area of 588.36 km2 (227.17 sq mi), the island had a total population of 39,545 on January 1, 2022. The island is known as klippeøen (‘Rock Island’) because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast. Its largest settlement is Rønne. Many inhabitants speak the Bornholmsk dialect, which is officially a dialect of Danish. Most inhabitants are members of the Lutheran Church of Denmark (Folkekirken).

Thanks to Dragan Buškulić for his contribution (https://worldofstamp2.wordpress.com/).




Definitive stamps. U.P.U. (Universal Postal Union).
Atehuecillas Waterfall.
Nineth stamp in a set of 12, issued on 01.01.1896.
Face value: 24 Salvadoran centavos.
Printing: Recess.

- AFA No.
- Michel No. 149X.
- Scott No. 157K.
- StampWorld No. 142.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 166A.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 140(B).

The Atehuecillas Waterfall (Spanish: Caída de agua de Atehuecillas), formed by the El Molino River, is located about 4 km (2.50 mi) from Colonia El Espino, in the Ahuachapán Department, western El Salvador, near the border with Guatemala. The water falls from a height of 65 m (213 ft). Despite its difficult access, in the middle of the jungle, it is an important tourist attraction in the region.



PORTUGAL - Azores.

The Heritage of the Azores.
Tea culture in São Miguel Island.
Third stamp in a set of 4, issued on 06.06.2003.
Face value: 0.55 euro.
Design: Acácio Santos and Elizabete Fonseca.
Printed by Litografia Maia, Matosinhos (Porto).
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 250,000 copies.
Size: 40 x 31 mm.

- Afinsa-Mundifil No. 2991.
- Michel No. 497.
- Scott No. 476.
- StampWorld No. 476.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 594.
- Unificato No. 165.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 487.

São Miguel Island, nicknamed Ilha Verde ("The Green Island"), is the largest and most populous island in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. It covers 760 km2 (290 sq mi) and has around 140,000 inhabitants, with 45,000 people residing in Ponta Delgada, the archipelago's largest city. On the island are the first plantations and the only two agro-industrial tea production units in Europe: Porto Formoso and Gorreana. The tea plant, coming from Brazil, was introduced in São Miguel in the first decades of the 19th century, and at the beginning of its cultivation Chinese farmers arrived from Macau.




Tourism Promotion.
Tomebamba River, Cuenca.
Fourth stamp in a set of 6, issued in 1953.
Face value: 30 Ecuadorian centavos.
Printed by Security Banknote Company.
Printing: Recess.
Print: 2,000,000 copies.

- Bertossa No. 860.
- Michel No. 815.
- Scott No. 579.
- StampWorld No. 817.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 987.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 568.

The Tomebamba River rises in the Cajas National Park, in the sector called "Tres Cruces", at 3,020 m (9,908 ft) altitude, and runs through the city of Cuenca. When it joins the Machángara River, it forms the Cuenca River, which is a tributary of the Paute River. The Tomebamba water after passing through other rivers reaches the Amazon River and then the Atlantic Ocean. Including the headwaters, its total length is 42 km (26 mi).




Opening of Confederation Bridge, Northumberland Strait.
Stamps issued on 31.05.1997.
Face value: 45 + 45 cents of Canadian dollar.
Design: Charles Burke and Jim Hudson.
Printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, Ottawa.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 4,000,000 copies.
Size: 112 x 28 mm.

- Michel No. 1623-1624.
- Scott No. 1646a.
- StampWorld No. 1623-1624.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1731a.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1515-1516.

The Confederation Bridge (French: Pont de la Confédération) is a box girder bridge carrying the Trans-Canada Highway across the Abegweit Passage of the Northumberland Strait, linking the province of Prince Edward Island with the province of New Brunswick on the mainland. Opened May 31, 1997, the 12.9-kilometre (8.0 mi) bridge is Canada's longest bridge and the world's longest bridge over ice-covered water. Construction took place from October 1993 to May 1997. In April 2022, the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island voted unanimously in favor of renaming the bridge to "Epekwitk Crossing", whereas Epekwitk is the traditional Mi'kmaq name for Prince Edward Island.

Thanks to Krystyna Betiuk for his contribution (https://pocztowkowezbiory.blogspot.com/)




British Explorers.
Henry Stanley (1841-1904) and stylized map of Africa.
Second stamp in a set of 5, issued on 18.04.1973.
Face value: 3 pence.
Design: Marjorie Saynor (1924-2012).
Printed by Harrison & Sons Ltd.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 28,131,400 copies.
Size: 30 x 41 mm.

- AFA No. 647.
- Michel No. 617.
- Scott No. 690.
- StampWorld No. 598.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 924.
- Unificato No. 680.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 680.

Henry Morton Stanley (born John Rowlands; 28 January 1841 – 10 May 1904) was a Welsh explorer, journalist, soldier, colonial administrator, author and politician who was famous for his exploration of Central Africa and his search for missionary and explorer David Livingstone. Besides his discovery of Livingstone, he is mainly known for his search for the sources of the Nile and Congo rivers, the work he undertook as an agent of King Leopold II of the Belgians which enabled the occupation of the Congo Basin region. He is recognized for his important contributions to Western knowledge of the geography of Central Africa and for his resolute opposition to the slave trade in East Africa.



NEPAL / नेपाल

Triveni pilgrimage site in Khaptad National Park.
Second stamp in a set of 3, issued on 30.12.1983.
Face value: 2.20 Nepalese rupee.
Design: M. N. Rana.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 2,000,000 copies.
Size: 36 x 26 mm.

- Michel No. 436.
- Scott No. 418.
- StampWorld No. 432.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 440.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 406.

The Triveni pilgrimage site is located into the Khaptad National Park, a protected area in the Far-Western Province, established in 1984 on the advice of Khaptad Baba, a philosopher, physician, scientist, and astrologer who moved to the area in the 1940s to meditate and worship; he it spent 50 years as a hermit in Triveni and was a renowned spiritual saint. Triveni is now a religious site for Hindu pilgrims especially July and August full moon day. The park covers an area of 225 km2 (87 sq mi) and ranges in elevation from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 3,300 m (10,800 ft).




Definitive stamps.
Sakarya Gorge.
Fourth stamp in a set of 14, issued in 1926.
Face value: 2 Turkish 
Printed by Bradbury Wilkinson Co., London.
Printing: Recess.

- Michel No. 846.
- Scott No. 637.
- StampWorld No. 887.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1024.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 698.

(Place not geographically located. Any information will be appreciated.)

Thanks to Dragan Buškulić for his contribution (https://worldofstamp2.wordpress.com/).




Islands of Kiribati.
Map of Banaba Island.
Last stamp in a set of 4, issued on 14.02.1984.
Face value: 50 cents of Kiribati dollar.
Printing: Offset lithography.

- Michel No. 438.
- Scott No. 439.
- StampWorld No. 117.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 218.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 117.

Republic of Kiribati (in Gilbertese, Ribaberiki Kiribati) is an independent island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. It comprises 32 atolls and one raised coral island, Banaba. Its total land area is 811 km2 (313 sq mi) and the islands are dispersed over 3.5 million km2 (1.4 million sq mi) on both sides of the equator. The permanent population is over 119,000 (2020). Kiribati gained its independence from the United Kingdom on July 12, 1979. The capital, South Tarawa, is the most populated area in the country and consists of several islets, connected by a long road. Kiribati is a member of the Pacific Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, the IMF and the World Bank, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Alliance of Small Island States, and a full member of the United Nations since 1999. Before its independence it was called the Gilbert Islands, in honor of Thomas Gilbert, who sighted some of the islands in 1788.

Banaba (also known as Ocean Island) is a solitary raised coral island west of the Gilbert Island chain, it is the westernmost point of Kiribati, lying 298 km (185 mi) east of Nauru, which is also its nearest neighbour. It has an area of 6.29 km2 (2.43 sq mi) and the highest point on the island is also the highest point in Kiribati, at 81 metres (266 ft). The population, in 2020, was 330. Along with Nauru and Makatea (French Polynesia), it is one of the important elevated phosphate-rich islands of the Pacific. The first European to sight the island was the American captain Jared Gardner, of the ship Diana, on January 3, 1801. During the Japanese occupation (February-August 1942), much of the population was killed, and the center of the island was mined.




Centenary of the municipality of Jølster.
Jølster, on the shores of Lake Jølstravatnet.
Third stamp in a set of 3, issued on 20.04.1938.
Face value: 30 Norwegian øre.
Design: Kolbjørn Finstad.
Printed by Emil Moestue A/S, Oslo.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 3,161,000 copies.
Size: 40 x 24 mm.

- AFA No. 198.
- Michel No. 197.
- Norgeskatalogen No. 219.
- Scott No. 183.
- StampWorld No. 198.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 261.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 189.

Jølster is a former municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, established on January 1, 1838. It was located in the traditional district of Sunnfjord, on the shores of a clear green lake named Jølstravatnet. The administrative center was the village of Skei. Agriculture was the largest industry in the municipality. The main attraction in Jølster was the scenery, with easy access to the glaciers Grovabreen, Jostedalsbreen (the largest glacier in continental Europe), and Myklebustbreen. At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the municipality had an area of 671 km2 (259 sq mi) and its population was 3,047.