1st anniversary of Independence and King Mwambutsa IV.
Simplified map of Burundi.
Second stamp in a set of 4, issued on 01.07.1963.
Face value: 8 Burundian francs.
Printing: Photogravure.
Size: 51 x 31 mm.

- Michel No. 54A.
- Scott No. 48.
- StampWorld No. 58.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 52.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 55.

From the end of the 18th century Burundi was a Tutsi kingdom of feudal character. After several incursions by European explorers and missionaries, in 1894, despite internal resistance, the country became an integrated colony in German East Africa. After the First World War, the territory passed into the power of Belgium, which in 1922 established the Ruanda-Urundi colony until the Kingdom of Burundi declared its independence on July 1, 1962. King Mwambutsa IV (Mwami Mwambutsa), ethnic Tutsi, then established a constitutional monarchy, abolished by a military coup on November 28, 1966 and the proclamation of a one-party dictatorial republic. Between 1993 and 2005 the country suffered a bloody civil war between Tutsis and Hutus, which was characterized by terrible massacres.


ISRAEL / יִשְׂרָאֵל‎ - إِسْرَائِيل

Nature reserve.
Tahana waterfall, in the Naal Iyon stream.
Second stamp in a set of 5. issued on 21.01.1970.
Face value: 0.03 Israeli lira.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 2,758,000 copies.
Size: 26 x 40.5 mm.

- Michel No. 457.
- Scott No. 403.
- StampWorld No. 456.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 433.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 395.

The 21 m (69 ft) high Tahana waterfall is in the course of the Nahal Iyon stream, a tributary of the Jordan River, which originates in southern Lebanon and forms a small nature reserve there. It is located in the the strategic town of Metula, the northernmost of Israel, in Upper Galilee, on the border with Lebanon, from which it is separated by the Blue Line established by the United Nations on June 7, 2000.



Point Pelee National Park.
Stamp issued on 10.01.1983.
Face value: 5 Canadian dollars.
Design: Wayne Terry and William Tibbles.
Printing: Offset litography and recess.
Printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company Ltd, Ottawa.
Print: 19.675,000 copies.
Size: 48 x 30 mm.

- Michel No. 862.
- Scott No. 937.
- StampWorld No. 862.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 885.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 827.

The Point Pelee National Park (Parc national de la Pointe-Pelée) is located in the southwest of the province of Ontario. It consists of a peninsula of land, primarily forest and salt marsh habitats, stretching into Lake Erie, very close to the United States border. Its total area is 15 km2 (5.8 sq mi). It is the southernmost continental area of Canada. It was created in 1918. Before the park was created, the Great Lakes Ornithological Club was established in that area to study bird migration.




Eastern Mediterranean Optical System, EMOS-1.
Simplified map of Eastern Mediterranean.
Stamp issued on 13.05.1991.
Face value: 500 Turkish lira.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Printed by Ajans-Türk A. Ş., Ankara.
Size: 26 x 36 mm.

- Michel No. 2924.
- Scott No. 2505.
- StampWorld No. 2958.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 3116.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 2672.

The Eastern Mediterranean Optical System (EMOS-1) is a fiber optic cable linking Palermo (Italy) with Lechaina (Greece), Marmaris (Turkey) and Tel Aviv (Israel), which was created in Turkey in 1991. The ship CS Vercors laid the cable. Each pair of fibers are capable of transmitting 1920 telephone calls in each direction. The connection was expanded by CIOS (Cyprus-Israel Optical System) in April 1994. Since then, other cables have been laid, providing high-capacity links between Israel and abroad.



Cuba in a map of Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1762).
Third stamp in a set of 4, issued on 12.11.1973.
Face value: 13 cents of Cuban peso.
Printing: Offset lithography.

- Michel No. 1927.
- Scott No. 1852.
- StampWorld No. 1931.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 2084.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1727.

Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, or Bellini (Paris, 1703 - Versailles, 1772) was a French geographer and cartographer. In 1721 he was appointed hydrographer (chief cartographer) at the French Hydrographic Office. He was a member of the Académie de Marine and the Royal Society of London. In 1741 he became the first Ingénieur de la Marine of the Deposit of Maps and Plans of the Navy (the French hydrographic office) and was appointed hydrographic officer to the King of France. During his more than fifty-year career, he produced a large number of seas maps from around the world, including a large map of the sea of France called Neptune François, the Maritime Atlas, the Française hidrografique and the Petit Atlas Maritime en 5 volumes, containing 580 finely detailed miniatures.



New planes for United Arab Airlines.
Air routes map from Cairo, and Ilyushin 18 plane.
Airmail stamp issued on 02.03.1969.
Face value: 55 milliemes of Egyptian pound.
Printing: Photogravure.

- Michel No. 909.
- Scott No. C122.
- StampWorld No. 382.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 976.
- Yvert et Tellier No. PA 113.

In January 1961 Misr Air merged with Syrian Airways to form United Arab Airlines (UAA) as a result of the new political relations between Egypt and Syria, although this agreement was short-lived. It retained its name for a time, but was eventually replaced by Egyptair in October 1971.



Cape Mesurado (or Cape Palmas ?).
First stamp in a set of 12, issued in 1920.
Face value: 1 Liberian cent.

- Michel No. 191.
- Scott No. 183.
- StampWorld No. 251.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 402.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 168.

The place represented in the stamp is under discussion. It is mainly considered that it is the Cape Mesurado, but some catalogs mention the Cape Palmas.

The Cape Mesurado, also called Cape Montserrado, is a promontory on the Liberian coast, in the Mamba Point neighborhood, the northernmost of the capital, Monrovia, very close to the mouth of the Saint Paul River. It was named Cabo Mesurado by Portuguese sailors in the 1560s, who assured that the place was inhabited. The first African-American settlers settled in that place on April 22, 1822. In 1855 a lighthouse was built there. At the beginning of the 19th century and until 1815 there was a base for the slave trade.

The Cape Palmas is located in the southern Liberia town of Harper, just over 20 km (12 mi) from the Ivory Coast border. The International Hydrographic Organization considers this cape to be the westernmost point of the Gulf of Guinea and the dividing line of the Atlantic Ocean between North and South. The place was discovered in 1458 by the Portuguese navigator Diogo Gomes, who named it Cabo das Palmas.




Map of Hestur island.
First stamp in a set of 5, issued on 07.09.1987.
Face value: 270 Faroese oyra.
Design: Ole Wich (b. 1953).
Engraving by Czesław Słania (1921-2005).
Printing: Offset lythography and recess.
Print: 440,000 copies.

- AFA No. 148.
- Michel No. 154.
- Scott No. 161.
- StampWorld No. 148.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 149.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 148.

Hestur (in Danish, Hestø) is one of the 18 islands that make up the Faroe archipelago, in the North Atlantic. Its area is 6.1 km2 (2.4 sq mi) and its maximum elevation is in the Eggjarrók and Múlin mountains, both of 421 m (1,381 ft). The oldest Viking settlement, from the High Middle Ages, was Hælur, at the southern tip of the island. The school in the town of Hestur, on the east coast, was built in 1890 and the church in 1910; in 1913, the Bygdin pier was also established in its vicinity. Since January 1, 2005, the entire island is part of the municipality of Tórshavn, the largest in the archipelago. The total stable population of the island is about 40 inhabitants.


TUNISIA / تونس.

Tabarka Rocks.
Last stamp in a set of 4, issued on 24.08.2001.
Face value: 500 millimes of Tunisian dinar.
Photo: Jacques Pérez (n. ca. 1936).
Printing: Offset lithography.
Size: 41 x 28 mm-

- Michel No. 1487.
- Scott No. 1248.
- StampWorld No. 1495.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1472.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1422.

Tabarka Rocks (Les aiguilles de Tabarka, in French) is a rock formation that makes imposing cliffs on the Mediterranean coast of northwestern Tunisia, north of the municipality of Tabarka (طبرقة), about 100 km (62 mi) from the city of Tunis and very close to the border with Algeria.



Vindication of the Boreal Chaco.
Map of Paraguayan Chaco.
Stamp issued in 1936 (1935?).
Face value: 1.50 Paraguayan pesos.
Printing: Typography.
Size: 37 x 41.5 mm.

- Michel No. 404.
- Scott No. 324.
- StampWorld No. 426.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 442.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 334.

Paraguay and Bolivia faced each other in the so-called Chaco War (Guerra del Chaco; Cháko Ñorairõ in Guaraní) from September 9, 1932 to June 12, 1935, due to the dispute over the northern territory of the semi-desert region of the Gran Chaco or Chaco Boreal (Bolivian Chaco for Bolivia), where it was presumed that there were large oil deposits, a presumption that was later proven false. Finally, the Treaty of Buenos Aires, signed on June 12, 1935, awarded three-quarters of the territory to Paraguay and a quarter to Bolivia, thus ending the war. It was the bloodiest interstate military conflict ever fought in South America during the 20th century, between two of its poorest countries; both had lost territory to neighbors in the wars of the 19th century.




350th Anniversary of Hydrographic Service, 1643-1993.
Map of the Öregrund archipelago and Captain Johan Månsson.
First stamp in a set of 2, issued on 02.10.1993.
Face value: 2.90 Swedish krona.
Engraving: Martin Mörck (b. 1955).
Printing: Recess.
Print: 10,000,000 copies.
Size: 32 x 25 mm.

- AFA No. 1725.
- Michel No. 1797.
- Scott No. 2033.
- StampWorld No. 1799.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1706.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1779.

The small archipelago of Öregrund is a group of islands belonging to the municipality of Östhammar, very close to the coast of the county of Uppsala. It is part of the coastal area of Roslagen. The largest of the islands seen on the stamp is Gräsö, 93.26 km2 (36.01 sq mi). Its length is 30 km (18.64 mi) and its average width is 6 km (3.73 mi). The map reproduced on the stamp was drawn by Johan Nordenancher in 1800.

Johan Månsson (? -1659), captain of the Swedish Admiralty and in charge of training the Crown pilots, designed in 1644 the first Swedish nautical chart, known as Een siö-book som aconhåller om siöfarten i Östersiön, published in 1645. 



Hispanic community.
Map of the bay and the city of San Juan de Puerto Rico (1792).
Last stamp in a set of 4, issued on 12.10.1972.
Face value: 8 pesetas.
Printing: Photogravure.
Printef by Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, Madrid.
Print: 6,000,000 copies.
Size: 29 x 41 mm.

- Edifil No. 2110.
- Michel No. 2005.
- Scott No. 1737.
- StampWorld No. 2011.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 2168.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1764.

Puerto Rico was an overseas territory of the Spanish Crown from the arrival of Christopher Columbus (who named the island San Juan Bautista) on November 6, 1493 until the promulgation of the Autonomy Charter of Puerto Rico in 1897, and administratively it was a Spanish province from 1897 to the Spanish-American War of 1898. Shortly after the arrival of Columbus, the city of San Juan became the most important military post in America. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León was appointed governor of the island and founded the original settlement, Caparra, to the west of the current metropolitan area. The map reproduced on the stamp, from 1792, is the work of the Spanish engineer Francisco Mestre, and is kept in the Military Historical Service in Madrid.



Map of area of Caprivi Strip.
Last stamp in a set of 4, issued on 06.11.1986.
Face value: 30 cents of South-African rand.
Printing: Offset lithography.

- Michel No. 599.
- Scott No. 577.
. StampWorld No. 598.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 556.

The Caprivi Strip is a geographical overhang in the northeast corner of Namibia. It is surrounded by Botswana to the south and Angola and Zambia to the north. Namibia, Botswana and Zambia meet at a single point at the eastern end of the Strip, which is also 100 m from Zimbabwe. The territory was acquired by then German South-West Africa to provide access to the Zambezi River and consequently a route to the German East African coast (its German name is Caprivizipfel). Within Namibia, the Strip is administratively divided between the Kavango East and Zambezi regions. It is crossed by the Kavango River. The Kwando River is part of its border with Botswana and the Zambezi River is part of its border with Zambia. The width of the strip varies from about 32 km (20 mi) to 105 km (65 mi). Its largest settlement is Katima Mulilo, located at the point where the Zambezi River reaches the Strip. Caprivi was named after the German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi, who negotiated the acquisition of the land in 1890 through an exchange with the Great Britain.



450th anniversary of the Council of State (Raad van State).
Maps of Netherlands in 1531 and 1981.
Stamp issued on 01.10.1981.
Face value: 65 cents of Dutch guilder.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 63,421,000 copies.
Size: 26 x 37 mm.

- AFA No. 1190.
- Michel No. 1188.
- NVP No. 1227. 
- Scott No. 615.
- StampWorld No. 1188.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1364.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1158.

The Council of State (Raad van State) is a constitutionally established advisory body in the Netherlands for the government and the States General. It is officially made up of members of the royal family and members appointed by the Crown. It was founded in 1531. It is what is commemorated on this stamp. When in 1581 the Duke of Anjou became temporarily recognized as the new sovereign of the Dutch rebel provinces, a new Council of State was appointed to replace Philip II of Spain as the supreme authority of the Dutch Republic.




National Parks and Nature Reserves.
Kellerwald-Edersee National Park.
Stamp issued on 03.01.2011.
Face value: 1,45 euro.
Design: Julia Warbanow.
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 6,920,000 copies.
Size: 23 x 39 mm.

- AFA No. 3712.
- Michel No. 2841.
- Scott No. 2604.
- StamWorld No. 2645.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 3700.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 2667.

The Kellerwald-Edersee National Park (Nationalpark Kellerwald-Edersee) is located in the district of Waldeck-Frankenberg, in the German state of Hesse, around Lake Eder (Edersee), in the northern part of the lower Kellerwald mountain range. Its area is 57.38 km2 (22.15 sq mi). It is characterized by its beech trees. During the 19th century and part of the 20th it was an important hunting area. In 1989, large nature reserves were established in the park to protect parts of the former beech forests. On February 1, 2007 it was registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The stamp design shows the view from Waldeck Castle over the Edersee at low tide and a peninsula with hills covered in hops.



Naafkopf and  Falknis mountains.   
Last stamp in a set of 5, issued on 23.07.1959.
Face value: 60 rappen of Swiss franc.
Design: Josef Seger (Austria, 1908-1998).
Engraving: Courvoisier S.A.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 927,665 copies.
Size: 26 x 36 mm.

- Michel No. 385.
- Scott No. 342.
- StampWorld No. 389.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 385.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 347.
- Zumstein No. 331.

Naafkopf, also called Schneetälispitz, with an altitude of 2,571 m (8,430 ft) is a mountain in the Rätikon mountain range in the western central Alps. The summit, in the shape of a cross, is located exactly on the border between the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, the Swiss canton of Grisons and the southernmost part of the municipality of Schaan, in Liechtenstein.

Falknis is the westernmost peak of the Rätikon mountain range, in the western central Alps, with slopes in the Swiss canton of Grisons and in the Principality of Liechtenstein. Its altitude is 2,562 m (8,406 ft).


KENYA, UGANDA & TANZANIA (British East Africa).

East African mountains. Mount Kenya.
Second stamp in a set of 4, issued on 04.03.1968.
Face value: 50 cents of East African shilling.
Printing: Photogravure.
Size: 44 x 28 mm.

- Michel No. 170.
- Scott No. 182.
- StampWorld No. 140.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 245.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 167.

Mount Kenya (Kĩrĩnyaga, in Kamba language; Ol Donyo Keri in Maasai language) is an extinct stratovolcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African Rift. It is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peak of the mountain is Batian, 5,199 m (17,058 ft), located about 16.5 kilometers (10 1⁄4 miles) south of the equator, around 150 km (90 mi) north-northeast of the Kenya capital city, Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the country. The first European to climb it was probably the Englishman Halford Mackinder in 1899. In 1949 the Mount Kenya National Park was created, to protect the region surrounding the mountain, designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and World Heritage Site in 1997.



Conference of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
Simplified map of Europe.
Stamp issued on 20.03.1992.
Face value: 16 Finnish markka.
Design: Osmo Omenamäki (b. Helsinki, 1940).
Printing: Offset lithography.
Print: 3,000,000 copies.
Size: 34 x 24 mm.

- AFA No. 1154.
- Michel No. 1166.
- Scott No. 881.
- StampWorld No. 1179.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1276.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 1132.

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections. It has its origins in the 1975 Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland. The fall of the Soviet Union required a change of role for the CSCE. The Charter of Paris for a New Europe, signed on 21 November 1990, marked the beginning of this change. The six official languages of the OSCE are English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Russian. The decisions taken at the Helsinki meeting of July 9 and 10, 1992 were the following: Creation of the High Commissioner on National Minorities, the Forum for Security Co-operation and the Economic Forum. Suspension of FR Yugoslavia from membership.




Ayomé waterfall.
Last stamp in a set of 4, issued on 01.03.1975.
Face value: West African CFA francs.
Printing: Photogravure.
Size: 40 x 25 mm.

- Michel No. 1091.
- Scott No. 902.
- StampWorld No. 1154.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 1065.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 835.

The Ayomé waterfall is located about 2 km (1.24 mi) north of the road between the towns of Amlamé (Emla) and Temedja, in the Plateaux Region of Togo, about 150 km (93 mi) north of the country's capital, Lomé.


THAILAND / ประเทศไทย.

50th anniversary of the Thai national flag, 1917-1967.
With a small simplified map of Thailand in Indochinese peninsula and flag.
First stamp in a set of 2, issued on 05.12.1967.
Face value: 50 Thai satang.
Printing: Photogravure.
Print: 5,000,000 copies.
Size: 30 x 48 mm.

- Michel No. 511.
- Scott No. 494.
- StampWorld No. 536.
- Stanley Gibbons No. 587.
- Yvert et Tellier No. 484.

The flag of the Kingdom of Thailand (Trairanga, ธง ไตรรงค์) shows five horizontal stripes in the colors red, white, blue, white and red, with the central blue stripe being twice as wide as each of the other four. The design, made by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI of Siam), was adopted on 28 September 1917, according to a royal decree. The colors are said to stand for nation-religion-king, an unofficial motto of Thailand, red for the land and people, white for religions and blue for the monarchy, the last having been the auspicious color of Rama VI. The colors of the flag were standardized in an announcement of the Office of the Prime Minister dated 30 September 2017, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of its adoption.